Arkansas Labs

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                                      If your puppy has Diarrhea 
As you are aware now your little puppy is going to get into everything. There are things they can easily pickup. It's very important not to take your puppy to high traffic places where lots of puppies and dogs go until they have finished getting all their shots at 15-16weeks. 
*Did you keep them on the TLC food or did you change it. Changing their food without a slow transition WILL cause diarrhea. Don't change it as soon as you pick up your puppy. It is hard on them to change environment AND food at the same time. If you want to feed something else buy a bag of TLC and slowly transition them to something else. I really like this food though. It's made fresh every 2 weeks, no fillers so you don't have to feed as much. That also means less poop which I love, there is free shipping, and no tax. https://www.tlcpetfood.com/128207-1025

Did your puppy eat something he shouldn't have? A lot of time that is the case. If not below are the list of what it could be.
I'm not a vet and absolutely not saying don't take your puppy to the vet if they are sick.
It is really important to find a GOOD vet. I had a friend buy a puppy and he signed up for Petsmart's first year vet program. Where he could see the vet unlimited times the first year(don't quote me on that, but I believe that's what he said). Every checkup they found something wrong with this puppy that required further testing, treatment and money. Then they said because the way he is sitting he has hip dysplasia. He called me in a panic. So we took the puppy to my vet and they saw nothing wrong. Then went to another vet for X-rays (Pleasant Valley Vet). They said he was perfectly healthy. Good alignment and the hip sockets good and tight. They said he just has a lazy sit. What he heard was a lazy shit, so that works too lol. So find a vet that you trust read reviews if you are in the central Arkansas area these are ones I have seen and recommend.

Springhill Animal Hospital- Dr Stacy
Stagecoach Veterinary Clinic
Pleasant Valley Veterinary Clinic
Hillcrest Animal Hospital - Joan Nafe
Vilonia Animal Hospital - they are specialist in breeding along with being great vets. 
All these vets have proven to me it's not just about the money. They care about your pets.

Ok back to the poop.

*The scariest is Parvo 
 so we will get it out of the way. If you followed my instructions and did not take the puppy places, it's not parvo. But there is one other place you have to take them to and that's the vets office. Don't be afraid to ask if they have any puppies in office with parvo. They are usually good with cleaning the exam rooms if parvo is suspected. But those owners could have carried in it on their shoes. So my advise don't set your puppy down on the floor to play while waiting. My vets office(Springhill Animal Hospital) will reschedule my appointment if they just saw a suspected case of parvo. It's important to find a vet you can trust. I have not seen parvo in person, but have done a lot of research. Puppies will first act depressed and won't want to eat or play. Then they start throwing up and will have diarrhea. It will be bloody and they will not be able to stop. It's highly contagious that's why I don't allow visits when my puppies are younger and then have you wear booties on your shoes when you come to my place. I think it's important for you to see how the puppies were raised and that there are healthy playful puppies at my place. If your puppy has diarrhea with blood in it this is what your vet will think it is. They will do a snap test and it will probably show a weak positive, because puppies have already had shots against it. Which is a small dose of the live virus. But if your puppy is playing and eating stay calm it's not parvo. There are other things that mimic symptoms of parvo:

* Giardia. It is a protozoan parasite that infects the intestinal tract of your puppy. It is very easy for them to pick up and thrives in cold wet environments. They could have gotten a drink from a puddle outside or even walked through a puddle and then later licked their feet. There are different stages of how the poop looks
1st and the worst is what I call waterbutt. It will just be liquid brown. It is common for you to see specks of blood. 
2nd  is pancake
3rd  is applesauce. Thicker than pancake and a little watery.
4th soft serve ice-cream 
5th is what we want tootsie rolls. I hope I didn't ruin those foods for you.

Testing for Giardia
There is no perfect test for giardia. Giardia is an elusive parasite, and cysts are shed only intermittently from the gastrointestinal tract of an infected dog. A single fecal sample has only a 70 percent chance of detecting an infection. Performing three fecal samples within five consecutive days increases the chance of detection to greater than 90 percent. There are other tests such as the giardia ELISA that can be used with a routine fecal sample to increase the likelihood of a diagnosis to about 95 percent. 
Treating Giardia 

If your dog is diagnosed with giardia, he will likely be prescribed medication, and your veterinarian will recommend a follow-up fecal sample two weeks after treatment.

A dog should be bathed on his last day of treatment to eliminate all giardia cysts from his hair coat. Wearing gloves, you should bathe and rinse his whole body as normal and then focus last on his hind end. Do not touch the rest of his body after you have bathed and rinsed around the anus. This will eliminate spreading any remaining giardia cysts around his hair coat. Pet bowls, toys, etc., should be disinfected in either boiling water or in a high-temperature dishwasher. Upholstery and carpeting should be steam-cleaned and allowed to dry. Hard surfaces can be disinfected with a dilute bleach solution (3/4 cup of bleach mixed with 1 gallon of water) or a disinfecting household cleaning product.


Obviously I'm not a vet and I'm just recommending what I do if I think they have Giardia. I do not guarantee against giardia because as the research shows above it can be hard to detect in a fecal exam. We clean poop up sometimes twice a day and clean with bleach to help with exposure. If left untreated it can be life threatening. I'm talking days of waterbutt with no treatment. Because obviously dehydration! So don't wait days to go by without treatment. If you have waited or are giving the meds and they still have waterbutt for an extended amount of time(3ish days) GO TO THE VET. Their intestines can get twisted from the continued strain of pooping.

I treat with Panacur (fenbendazole) You can get a bottle of goat wormer from Tractor Supply or Amazon for about $30.
This is a great wormer to have on hand for most worms. It is also a mild antibiotic that will treat Giardia.
For regular worming it is 1cc per 5lbs for 3 days.
For treating Giardia it is the same dosage for 5 days.
You should also add a probiotic powder to food if they are not on TLC food. You can give them yogurt or cottage cheese also . NuVet and The TLC food I recommend has prebiotic and the food also has probiotics. That's why I recommend keeping puppies on this. You can also add canned plain pumpkin. Give about a tablespoon and mix in their food. It has good fiber and can firm up the poop.

Metronidazole(flagyl) is also given along with panacur to help with the diarrhea. You can actually order this on your own from Revival Animal Health. They are a great place for advise. They have a fish form of this that is the exact same medication. It's called fish-zone. I give half a pill for a 10lb puppy. 

Coccidia  is another that mimics parvo. Coccidiosis is a common parasitic intestinal condition caused by a microscopic, single-celled organism known commonly as coccidia.

Infected puppies shed cysts containing the parasite in their stool. These cysts can survive in the environment for as long as a year. Other pets can become infected by swallowing the cysts from a contaminated environment, usually during grooming. Dogs and cats can also contract the parasite by eating an infected rodent.


Once inside the pet’s digestive tract, the cysts break open and the parasite enters an intestinal cell, where it reproduces. The cell eventually ruptures, releasing the parasites and damaging the intestinal lining.

The coccidia species that infect dogs don’t infect cats, and vice versa. However, the cysts in the feces from one dog can infect another dog. It’s very unlikely that a human will become infected with the species of coccidia that affect dogs and cats.

Symptoms and Identification

Signs of coccidiosis include watery diarrhea that will often be tinged with blood or mucus. Pets with this condition may also experience vomiting( I haven't seen it with vomiting), a loss of appetite and lethargy. Puppies and kittens can be severely affected, exhibiting dehydration, weight loss, and, in some cases, even death.

Older pets usually have milder signs. Some pets can show no signs at all while still shedding the parasite cysts in their feces.


A diagnosis of coccidiosis is made by identifying parasite cysts on a fecal exam. Any new pet being introduced into the home should have a fecal sample tested as soon as possible to diagnose coccidiosis or other intestinal parasite infections. Because some pets never show any signs, fecal tests during annual physical examinations are considered standard practice for all pets.


I put something called cocci-guard on their food this is a preventive not a treatment. Normally after 12-16 weeks their systems are strong enough to not be affected.


If the puppy had coccidia the treatment is Albon and best to get it from your vet. 


Hookworm 

It’s unpleasant to think about hookworms. The name conjures up an awful vision, but it’s even more unpleasant for your pet to have them. Dogs and cats , both young and old, are at risk for the nasty parasites. And because the eggs can be transmitted through pets’ feces, people can also become infected. Symptoms in pets can include anemia, black diarrhea, coughing, a dull coat, and failure to gain weight. Fortunately, antiparasite drugs can be used to treat an infection, and monthly preventive medicine can protect your pet from hookworms.

Overview

Hookworms are internal parasites that generally live in the small intestines of puppies, kittens, dogs, and cats. These worms attach to the intestinal tissue and suck blood and other nutrients from their hosts. Infected mother dogs can transmit hookworm larvae to their puppies during nursing. These larvae migrate through the puppy’s body to the lungs, where they are coughed up and swallowed, finally arriving in the small intestine.

Infected dogs and cats also release hookworm eggs into the environment through their feces. In the environment, hookworm larvae develop into the infective stage and hatch from the eggs so that when pets lie down in contaminated environments they pick up hookworm larvae in their coats and become infected during grooming. Eating stool outright can also lead to infection.


Hookworm larvae in the environment can also penetrate the pet’s skin (dog or cat) and travel through the body, eventually arriving at the small intestine. Dogs and cats can also become infected with hookworms by eating infected animals, such as rodents, or insects, like cockroaches.

Diagnosing a hookworm infection is usually achieved by identifying hookworm eggs during a fecal examination. Unfortunately, hookworm adults don’t shed eggs all the time, so it can be difficult to identify the infection in some cases. That’s why routine deworming and several fecal examinations are always recommended in puppies, kittens, and pets with signs listed above.

Treatment

Puppies and kittens are routinely treated every few weeks with an antiparasite medication that eliminates hookworms and other internal parasites for at least two sequential treatments or until they are old enough to be placed on a monthly preventive medication. The Panacur listed above will kill hookworms 3-5 days treatment then again in 7 days. 

Prevention

All pets should be on a monthly parasite preventive regimen. 



I've done hours upon hours of research on this to help insure you get a healthy happy puppy, but unfortunately the things listed above are so easy to pick up I can't guarantee against it. Educate yourself on these different common things that can cause your puppy to not feel good and always feel free to call or txt me with any questions. 5015844693

Kelli Clark